Amman, the modern and ancient capital of Jordan, is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the World. Most of Amman's noteworthy historical sites are clustered in the downtown area, which sits at the bottom of four of Amman's seven hills, or jabals. The ancient Citadel, which towers above the city from atop Jabal al-Qala'a, is a good place to begin a tour of the city. Close to al-Qasr are the remains of Byzantine basilica. Corinthian columns mark the site of the church, dated from the sixth or seventh century CE. About 100 meters south of the church is what is believed to have been a temple of Hercules, today also known as the Great Temple of Amman.
The Dead Sea
The Dead Sea is 75 kilometres long and from 6 to 16 kilometres wide. It is fed by the Jordan River, without outlet. As its name suggests, the Dead Sea is entirely devoid of plant and animal life. This is due to an extremely high content of salt and other minerals-350 grams of salt per kilogram of water, as compared to about 40 grams in the world's oceans. The Dead Sea is also famous geographically as "the lowest point on earth," lying some 400 meters below sea level. In addition to the historical significance of the "Salt Sea," as it was referred to in the Bible, the Dead Sea is today an important and rich source of minerals essential for agricultural and industrial development.